ʶԵҧǴǧ

ѡ ѹآ
ԨоѲҹ
ʶҺѹ෤չ觪ҵ (ͧҪ)

͹蹵ͧ͹ Ǵǧ 㹷СԹ¤ͺҧҧ§

жҨ觤Ѵ ҹ¶֧§觷ǢͧѺʢͧеµçҹ ԡҹ Ԫѹ Ǫѹ èѺִǵ͹ ѧաѧſ յ ͡Ҩҡʢͧе ֧ѧ͡Դ¹͡ ѧԴе㹪鹢ͧ硵͹⤨ͺ

ҧá ˹§ҹҹ෤չǹաѧ͡¡ѹ駹 աС˹ ѡ֧֡ͧç俿ҹǹ˭ ԧ ෤չդҡҡ ੾СùѧժԴҧ ҡⷻѹѧѧ͡ª

ѧ Ǵǧ ѧСǶ֧仹֧֧ ͧǷǢͧѺ çҧͧе 硵͹ ͡ҡ͡ҡͧͧáѹѧ ѧշ͡Ҩҡʢͧе ѧͧͧѧ͡蹡ѹ

Ǵǧ çѹǡѺ价ͧͧҧŵ

ҧŶ͡Դҡഹ ô ͹ (Alfred Bernard Nobel) Դاʵ͡ѹ 21 Ҥ .. 1833 һʺ㹡üáչѺ´Դ˹ ¡ Թ (kieselguhr) öٻ觷çк͡ ѹ ҧ§ ФҧҡçҹԵ 90 20 䴹ԴçԴعç բҴҹдǡ 㹡âش ԴԹ ҧоҹ ֧繷ͧҡصˡҧ ѧաùʧҪԵ餹ѹҡ ѧ Ҷ֧ѹ 10 ѹҤ .. 1896 63 ¹Թ¡ŧѹ 27 Ȩԡ¹ .. 1895 ͺѾԹǹ˭Թع Ѻͺؤŷռŧҹ蹷ͤسªҵԷš 5 Ң ԡ Էᾷʵ ó ҢѹҾ

www.nobelprize.org

Ѻ .. 1901 繵 ҳ͹Ҥͧء ա÷»Сªͺؤŷռŧҹ ͤسªҵԷš 繼ѺҧҢ վԸͺҧѹ 10 ѹҤ ѹçѺѹѹ֧͹Ԩͧô ¡èѴСͺҧ÷ŹԸ

֧ 2008 ռѺҧ 789 繼 754 м˭ԧ 35 Ѻա 20 ʶҺѹ 809 仹ʶԵҧŷǡѺǴǧ

ʶԵԷ 1 áͧᨡҧŤ .. 1901 չ ҧҢҿԡá繢ͧŧҹҧ ä鹾ѧͧ͡ѹ ͹Ҵ Թࡹ (Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen)

www.gutenberg.org

ʶԵԷ 2 ͧնѴ .. 1903 ˭ԧáѺҧ (Marie Curie) ѡѹ㹪 Ҵ ҧҢҿԡҡŧҹҧµçռѺҧѹ 3 ҧŤ˹繢ͧǽʪ ͧ (Henri Becquerel) ѡ͡§ѹѧ ҡŧҹä鹾ҡóѹҾѧ (radioactivity) ѹ繡ä鹾úҧԴաѧ͡ ǹҧա˹繢ͧҴաѺժͻ 㹡÷֡ҷӤ㨵ͻҡóѧշҹ

ʶԵԷ 3 4 ͹ҴաѺҤáѺҧ (շ 4 ) ѧҤáѺҧѹ (ա 1 šҡ١١ ͧѺҴչͧ) 觡ҧŨҡŧҹҧѧ

fun.familyeducation.com/slideshow/love/49015.html

ʶԵԷ 5 6 繢ͧҴ áѺҧŶ֧ͧ (ͧշ 3 Ѻ 2 ʶҺѹ ͧáҪҴҡ) ·ѺҧŤ駷 2 .. 1911 ҡŧҹä鹾ҵءѹѧо ҧҢ ֧ͨáѺҧͧͧҢ (ա 1 ҹ鹤 Ź ԧ (Linus Pauling) ѺҧҢ㹻 1954 ҢѹҾ㹻 1962 ԧդɡҤ ҧŷѺⴴ ͧ


ʶԵԷ 7-10 ʶԵ˹ѧ繢ͧҴա Ѻ١Ǥá () Ѻҧ ١Ǣͧժ ù - (Irene Joliot-Curie) ѺҧѺբͧͪ ԡ (Fr?d?ric Joliot) ҡŧҹѧҵءѹѧբ㹸ҵ繤á ؤŷ繪ǽ С͹ù١Ǣͧ 駤֧͡Ѻ١Ǥá (Ф) Ѻҧ 仴 ͡ҡҴաѺԡѧ ¡Ѻ١¤áФ Ѻҧ 㹷ӹͧǡѹѺԡѧ ͵ҡѺ١¤áФ Ѻҧա

http://www.curie.fr/img/photos/musee/ifjc-b.jpg

ʶԵԷ 11 ͡Ѻ١¤áѺҧ ( 6 ) ѧɪ .. ѹ (J. J. Thomson) 繾 ѺҧҢҿԡ .. 1906 ҡä鹾硵͹ ѹͧСͺ˹觢ͧе ١ª ѹ (George Paget Thomson) ѺҧҢҿԡ蹡ѹͻ 1937 ҡä鹾÷ູͧͧ硵͹ (ͧ͢Ҥ鹾) ¼֡

http://www.nndb.com/people/

ʶԵԷ 12 13 ͡Ѻ١¤á (Ф) Ѻҧѹ ѧɪ á (William Bragg) 繾١ ù á (Lawrence Bragg) Ҵ ù繪 繪 ԴԺ¨ 19 ը֧ԴͷѺԵѧ 駤ѺҧŨҡŧҹѧ͡çҧͧ֡ ͡ҡùѧѺҧŷع·ش 25

ʶԵԷ 14 㹺ô͡Ѻ١ 6 ҧŨҡä鹾Ǵǧҡش֧ 3 ͧáʶԵԷ 9 10 ѧա˹觤 ഹ졪 (Niels Bohr) ͷռŧҹҧҢҿԡ 1922 ֡çҧͧеѧշ͡Ҩҡе Ѻ١ª . (Aage N. Bohr) ҧŨҡŧҹҢҿԡШӻ 1975 ä鹾§ҧ͹ (collective motion) Ѻ͹ͧ͹Ҥ㹹ʢͧе 觹仾Ѳҷɮçҧͧʢͧеաʹ˹


ǴǧͺͧʶԵ شͧҧŔ ǹ˭ ͺͧ ʶԵԡѺҧѹҡ˹觤繤ááͧᨡҧ ҧҢѹҾ繢ͧͧ ͧ ٹͧ (Jean Henri Dunant) ʼ͵ͧáҪҴҡ Ѻԡ ʫ (Fr?d?ric Passy) ǽ


ʶԵԵҤ;¡Ѻͧ繢ͧǴѵ ҹ Թਹ (Jan Tinbergen) Ңɰʵ Ѻ Թਹ (Nikolaas Tinbergen) ҢԷᾷʵ (ʶԵԾǡѺͧ ǡѺͧ ;¡Ѻͧ ѧ)


ʶԵԤҡش繢ͧԡѹԴŹ ͹Դ ԡ (Leonid Hurwicz) Ңɰʵ 2007 Ѻ 90


դͧ軯ʸҧŤͪǽʪ ͧ- (Jean-Paul Sartre) Ңó Ѻ´ ء (Le Duc Tho) ҢѹҾ ա褹١ѰŻȵѧѺѺҧ 繪ѹ Ԫ ع (Richard Kuhn) д ෹ѹ (Adolf Butenandt) ѡ (Gerhard Domagk) ա繪ª ṡ (Boris Pasternak) ҧҢóШӻ 1958


ҧҧ˹觫 ʶԵԷش Ҩ¶֧ ҧ ش ǴǧѺ 蹤ҧҢѹҾШӻ 2005 ҧŤ˹觵繢ͧǧþѧҹҳҧ (International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)) ѹ˹§ҹ˹觢ͧͧ˻ЪҪҵ ͵駢 .. 1957 ˹ҷӡѺšԨùš ӹѡҹ˭ا¹ ҧա˹ 繢ͧԻ ź (Mohamed ElBaradei) ӹ¡˭褹Ѩغѹͧǧùͧ Ѻŧҹ ѹͻͧѹѧҹ㹷ҧ 㹡ûСѹ ѧҹ㹷ҧѹԶշҧʹ·ش

The Nobel Peace Prize 2005

www.nobelprize.org